Server-Side Scripting: Back-End Web Development Technology

Internet is super exciting. A lot of stuff happens when as user you make a request to URL, lots of code is at work to bring a page requested by you. What connects actually your App’s database to the browser? That’s the program built by server-side scripts; Server-side language build your site behind the scenes. The goal of the server-side language is to provide a smooth experience for a user.

There are innumerous server-side scripting languages effective in reaching the end goal. The server-side programming language you select depend on the preferences of your development team and the project requirements such as your database/operating system setup. Being aware of what each server-side scripting language can offer what is unique is deciding your backend technology, and whom to hire for these tasks.


The back end is made up of three parts: the server, the database, APIs, and a back-end web application written using server-side languages.

  • Server: It is a computer that runs back-end software built using server-side languages.
  • Database: It stores and manages your application’s data
  • API: It communicates between server and database.

For instance, if a user is updating a password on web application, the server-side scripts will collect the information the user enters, the application will process that information on the back-end server, then will interact with the database to update that information.

The backend web developers use server-side scripting language to develop back-end application and this language in turn communicates between user, server, and database. Anything that is explicitly written goes into the text markup of a website which is the front-end or back-end software.

When user request an Edit, delete and update (For Example, the fields in menus, photos, or user passwords) in database, they are delivered via server-side scripts that create a channel between server and a user. In the browser, front end scripts like JavaScript, Angular, react make that information available to the user.


They runs on a server, embedded in the site’s code

  • Runs on-call. When specific feature of site is “called up” or “posted back” to the server, server-side scripts are the one which send request to server, process and return requested data.
  • Designed to interact with back-end permanent storage, like databases, and process information from the server to access the database—like a direct line from user to database
  • Provides the data transfers from server to browser, bringing pages to life in the browser, e.g., processing and then delivering a field that a user requests or submits in a form
  • Powers the dynamic web application with functions such a user validation, saving and data retrieval, navigation between web pages
  • Play an immense role on how a database is built from the initial setup and evolved upwards

 Build application programming interfaces (APIs) that can be used to control data and software with numerous apps.


How it functions?  For example, if database is a website’s library. Server-side scripting processes are what the user can view through the server, to locate a particular book, chapter, page, or a particular sentence and sending back the required information back to browser in a smooth, fast and seamless way.

This is possible because of the server-side programming languages and middle ware your back-end developer codes to create a customized path from site to database. Information for your site resides on the server until it’s requested, which makes your site both fast and secure.

Popularly Trending server-side languages

  • PHP: The most popular server-side language on the web, PHP is designed to extract and edit information in the database. It’s encompasses databases written in the SQL language. PHP was designed strictly for the web and is the most widely used languages. Ease to install and deploy, is what it making competitive with innumerous modern frameworks, and is the foundation for a number of content-management systems. PHP-powered sites: WordPress, Wikipedia, Facebook
  • Python: Due to its flexibility of less lines of code, the Python programming language is fast, making its way into the market. The emphasis is on readability and simplicity, which makes it easy to learn for beginners. It’s one of the oldest scripting languages, powerful, and works well in object-oriented designs. Python-powered sites: YouTube, Google, The Washington Post
  • Ruby: The Ruby is an excellent option if you’re expecting complicated logic on the database side of your site. Unlike Python, Ruby is equal parts simplicity and complexity, pairing simple code with more flexibility and extra tools. Ruby bundles the back end with database functionality that PHP and SQL can offer as a pair—it’s great for startups, easy maintenance, and high-traffic demands. It requires developers to use the Ruby on Rails framework, which has vast libraries of code to streamline back-end development. Ruby-powered sites: Hulu, Twitter (originally), Living Social, Basecamp
  • C#: A language component of Microsoft’s .Net Framework-the most popular framework on the web. C# combines productivity and versatility by combining the robust and best aspects of the C and C++ languages. It’s the best for developing Windows applications, and can be used to build iOS, Android mobile apps with the help of a cross-platform technology like Xamarin. Also, it is backed by a huge backend web development community of C# web developers.
  • Java: A subset of the C language, Java comes with a huge base of add-on software components. At its core, Java is a variation of C++ with an easier learning curve; additionally it is platform independent, thanks to the Java Virtual Machine. The motto “Compile once, run anywhere” augur well for enterprise-level applications, high-traffic sites, and Android apps. Java sites: Twitter, Verizon, AT&T, Sales-force


  • ASP.NET: This Microsoft framework is the most popular enterprise-level framework and one of the most widely used for web developer today. It supports multiple programming languages simultaneously under one project. So, the same application can be built with both C# and/or F# via CLI (common language interface). The latest iteration, ASP.NET 5, is now available to non-Windows platforms for the first time.
  • .NET Core: Microsoft’s .NET Core is a free and open-source managed framework for the Windows, Linux, and macOS operating systems. .NET Core fully supports C# and F# and partially supports VB.NET. Currently VB.NET compiles and runs on .NET Core, but the separate .NET Core supports four cross-platform scenarios: ASP.NET Core web apps, command-line apps, libraries, and Universal Windows Platform apps.
  • Ruby on Rails: The Ruby on Rail is the paramount way in implementing framework. Its “gem” includes plug-ins and libraries of code that restructure development.
  • Django: This Python framework was developed to implement a fast-paced development environment. Django sites: Pinterest, Nasa, Pitchfork
  • Node.js: JavaScript is typically a front-end script, but with the Node.js framework, and can be used in server-side technology, from APIs to entire stacks. Its core unique selling point is handling client-server communication—its fast, doesn’t block, and is ideal for real-time apps like chat rooms, data-heavy applications, and any software that requires the streaming of fresh content, like a news feed. Node.js sites: Dow Jones, PayPal, LinkedIn

 Express.js & Koa: These JavaScript-powered middle-ware frameworks work on top of the Node.js development environment and control the flow of information on the back end of a site.

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